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Not to be confused with "Cleopatra VII: Daughter of the Nile" (film).

"It is most urgent that I record the troubling events of this week. Father has gone into hiding, having fled for his life. Through it is the twenty-third year of his reign, he is in danger of losing his throne. He is, of course, King Ptolemy Auletes, honored pharaoh of Egypt."
Cleopatra VII[2]

Cleopatra VII: Daughter of the Nile is a fictional diary written by Kristiana Gregory. The book was published in September 1999 as part of Scholastic's The Royal Diaries. It was the second book in the series and followed by Marie Antoinette: Princess of Versailles. Cleopatra was adapted into a television film in 2000. The book has also been republished and translated several different times.

Cleopatra VII, the young princess of Ptolemaic Egypt, travels to Rome with her father, King Ptolemy XII Auletes, in 57 BC.

Dedication[]

"Dedicated with much love to my father, Hal Gregory, whose appreciation of ancient literature gave me the courage to peek at Plutarch and all the rest."

Book description[]

"3 Januarius, Morning
I could feel my insides shaking. Would this sister try to poison me? Yes, I believe so. As for my other older sister, Berenice—never! She and I adore each other even though I am eight years younger.
I took the cup and raised it toward Tryphaena as if toasting her, but really I was watching the liquid, looking for oil floating on its surface, or powder sticking to the sides of the cup. If I suspected poison and tossed it into the pool, she would have her guards behead me on the spot. If it was indeed poison, one sip and I could die....
My eyes closed as I took the first sip, as if savoring such an excellent taste, but really my thought was.
O Isis, I am afraid.... My stomach turned with nervousness, or was it from a fearsome death beginning in me?"

"It's 57 BC, and Princess Cleopatra's father, the Pharaoh, has gone into hiding after an attempt on his life. Even his children don't know where he is. But Cleopatra fears that the assassin will eventually succeed–she must be ready to take the throne. She wants to be the best Pharaoh Egypt has ever known..."

"Partage le journal intime de Cléopâtre, et vis avec elle le destin captivant d'une jeune princesse égyptienne.
⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻
"27 février. La nouvelle est arrivée. Le messager était un petit garçon éthiopien qui et s'est écroulé à mes pieds. J'ai gardé ma distance de princesse, mais je lui ai souri quand il a levé les yeux.
J'ai porté la tablette jusqu'à la fenêtre, à la lumière. J'ai brisé le sceau, défait la ficelle et lu le message. Mon père qui se cache depuis des semaines se trouve au port, prêt à embarquer pour Rome."
"

"«Princesse Cléopâtre, a dit le messager en lisant un rouleau de parchemin, votre soeur Tryphaéna souhaite que vous sachiez qu'étant donné que vous et votre père naviguez vers Rome, elle est maintenant reine et pharaon. Si l'un de vous remet jamais le pied en Égypte, il sera exécuté sur-le-champ.»
Partage le journal intime de Cléopâtre, et découvre le destin fascinant d'une future reine d'Egypte.
En fin d'ouvrage, un supplément historique sur Cléopâtre et la vie des pharaons dan l'Antiquité.
"

"Partage le journal intime de Cléopâtre, et vis le destin captivant d'une jeune princesse égyptienne.'
⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻
3 Janvier, 57 Avant J.-C.
«J'ai senti mes entrailles se tordre. Ma soeur essaierait-elle de m'empoisonner? Oui, je le crois... J'ai pris la coupe et l'ai levée vers Tryphaéna comme pour l'honorer, mais en réalité, je scrutais le liquide à la recherche de traces d'huile à la surface ou de trainées de poudre sur les parois. Si je jetais le contenu de mon verre dans le bassin, elle me ferait décapiter sur-le-champ par ses gardes. S'il s'gissait bien de poison, une seule gorgée, et c'était la mort.»
"

Plot[]

Cleopatra VII is the twelve-year-old Princess of Egypt living in Alexandria. She starts a diary in January 57 BC to record that an attempt has been made on the life of her father, King Ptolemy XII Auletes. He has subsequently gone into hiding and Cleopatra remains unaware of his whereabouts. Her older sister Tryphaena has already taken over his bedchambers. Cleopatra begins to fear Tryphaena, who desires to be queen. Her good friend, Olympus, helps her learn of her father's plans to gather support in Rome. At the end of February, Olympus sends word that Cleopatra's father is ready to set sail and to watch out for Tryphaena's allies. She makes her way to the harbor with her loyal servant Neva and guard Puzo.

After setting sail, word comes that Tryphaena has crowned herself queen. Cleopatra and her father arrive in Rome in mid-May. There they stay with a wealthy citizen, named Tullus Atticus. Cleopatra keeps her father from being mocked by Roman officials, such as Pompey the Great, since she speaks their language. Soon after their arrival, news comes from Egypt that Tryphaena has been killed by her father's supporters. Unfortunately, the victory is short-live since Cleopatra's other older sister Berenice has seized the throne for herself. Later, Cleopatra meets Marc Antony, the chief cavalry officer whom will lead the Roman soldiers to Egypt. She finds him annoying while also enjoying his presence.

Cleopatra dislikes Rome and becomes homesick, but perks up when Tullus Atticus invites her to his summer villa. There she spends a lot of time with her new friend, Julia, the wife of Pompey and daughter of Julius Caesar. Over the summer, she learns of Puzo's and Neva's feelings for each other. Cleopatra forbids them from acting affectionate to avoid repercussions from her father. In the fall, she returns to Rome to learn that her father has wasted time by not meeting with any officials. Their departure is delayed until the next year. In February 56 BC, Cleopatra meets Cicero, a Roman orator and lawyer she admires. The two are friendly until he makes an argument against helping Egypt to the Senate.

After yet another delay, Cleopatra is "low in spirit" and does not write again until the following winter. She meets Cicero unexpectedly during Saturnalia and rebukes him. Later, Cicero withdraws his complaints, which finally allows Cleopatra and her father to leave with Roman support. Before leaving, she receives a kiss from Marc Antony. Cleopatra and her father leave by sea, while Marc Antony travels with the soldiers by land. They arrive in early March 55 BC. King Ptolemy successfully reclaims his throne and orders Berenice to be executed via beheading. Once everything has settled down, Cleopatra secretly has Neva and Puzo married and travels up the Nile to learn more about the country she will rule one day.

Epilogue[]

Cleopatra, following Egyptian custom, married her younger brother Ptolemy XIII. They became co-rulers upon their father's death in 51 BC. Three years earlier, Julia died in childbirth which "loosened the political ties" between her father Julius Caesar and husband Pompey. Being Caesar's "last obstacle," Pompey sought asylum in Egypt. He was immediately beheaded in a misguided attempt to win favor with Caesar by the thirteen-year-old Ptolemy. When Caesar arrived days later, Ptolemy presented him Pompey's severed head. Caesar allegedly wept at the sight. Cleopatra later met Caesar by having herself rolled into a rug and bought to his quarters. They became lovers and had a son, Ptolemy XV Caesarion in 47 BC.

Following Caesar's assassination in 44 BC, he was succeeded by his legal heir Octavian. A few years later, Cleopatra and Marc Antony fell in love. They had three children together, including twins Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene, and Ptolemy Philadelphus. The couple tried to defend Alexandria against Octavian. After losing a "crucial battle at sea," Octavian's army came to Alexandria. Cleopatra arranged for her son, Caesarion to flee Egypt, but he was murdered before reaching safety. Marc Antony stabbed himself in response to the military defeat. He was carried to Cleopatra's hiding place and died in her arms. Cleopatra then took her own life by allowing a deadly snake to bite her.

After Cleopatra's and Marc's Antony's deaths, their children were sent to Italy to be taken care of by Antony's fourth wife Octavia. The boys eventually disappeared. Their sister went on to marry King Juba II of Mauretania and had two children, Ptolemy and Drusilla. Some accounts state that Drusilla married Marcus Antonius Felix, the governor of Judea. Cleopatra remained close friend with Olympus, her personal physician, for the rest of her life. In 43 BC, Cicero was assassinated on Antony's order. He had been angry about the things Cicero had said and written about him.

Historical Note[]

The historical note first addresses that information about Cleopatra's early life is often "contradictory and confusing." Her physical appearance and the age she was when she met Marc Antony are among the things widely speculated about by historians. The note quotes a passage from Plutarch, which describes Cleopatra's beauty and her ability to speak several languages. The method of recordkeeping during her time is described along with the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947. The note then speculates that Cleopatra, being literate and interested in other cultures, may have recorded her own thoughts that could possibly be discovered some day.

In the form of a bullet point list, the historical note discusses events from before and after Cleopatra's lifetime. Among the topics are a brief overview on the history of Ancient Egypt and Alexander the Great. The eruption of Mount Vesuvius, which destroyed the resort towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum is mentioned since Cleopatra may have stayed there during her time in Rome. It ends with bullet points on Octavian and Cleopatra's suicide at the young age of thirty-nine. A family tree of the Ptolemy family is included along with details on Cleopatra's family and other historical figures mentioned in the book. Twenty-three pictures and three maps round out the section.

Characters[]

Main article: List of Cleopatra VII: Daughter of the Nile characters
  • Cleopatra VII is the twelve-year-old daughter of the King of Egypt. She decides to travel to Rome with her father, fearing that her oldest sister may try to have her killed.
  • Ptolemy XII Auletes, the King of Egypt who flees Alexandria after attempts are made on his life. He is granted little respect in Rome due to his vices, but Cleopatra helps bolster his presence.

Adaptation[]

Cleopatra-film

Cleopatra movie on VHS

Main article: Cleopatra VII: Daughter of the Nile (film)

Cleopatra VII: Daughter of the Nile was adapted into a short television film in 2000. The movie was released on video tape the same year and on DVD in 2008. It starred Elisa Moolecherry as Cleopatra.

Author[]

Main article: Kristiana Gregory

Kristiana Gregory is an American children's author. She has written five books in Dear America, three in The Royal Diaries, and three in My America. In the "About the Author" section, Gregory wrote about studying Cleopatra in the fifth grade, picturing her with "beautiful clothes and jewels and [...] floating down the river in a fancy boat". She enjoyed researching Cleopatra and had never imagined "that she was so intelligent and could speak several languages."

Editions[]

Cleopatra-Read180
  • Narrator: Unknown
  • Publisher: Scholastic
  • Published: January 2002[16]
  • No. of discs: Unknown
  • ISBN: 9780439732482
  • Note: Published as a part of Scholastic's READ 180 program.[17]

Cleopatra-audio-book
  • Narrator: Josephine Bailey
  • Publisher: Tantor Media
  • Published: June 1, 2006[18][19]
  • Running time: 3 hours and 37 minutes
  • No. of discs: 3
  • ISBN: 9781400102433

Notes[]

  • The illustration on the cover of the original edition was done by American artist Tim O'Brien.
  • The cover of the My Royal Story edition was illustrated by Richard Jones.

References[]

  1. https://www.amazon.com/Cleopatra-VII-Daughter-Egypt-Diaries/dp/0590819755/
  2. Cleopatra VII: Daughter of the Nile, Kristiana Gregory, page 3
  3. https://www.amazon.it/dp/8845125513 (Italian)
  4. https://www.amazon.com/Cleopatra-VII-Hija-Nilo-Spanish/dp/8478886850
  5. http://www.e-shop.gr/kleopatra-i-kori-toy-neiloy-p-BKS.0161278 (Greek)
  6. https://lubimyczytac.pl/ksiazka/52642/kleopatra-vii-corka-nilu (Polish)
  7. https://www.amazon.fr/Cléopâtre-fille-Nil-princesse-égyptienne/dp/2070511553/ (French)
  8. https://www.phanpha.com/item/บันทึกราชนารี-คลีโอพัตราที่-7-ธิดาแห่งแม่น้ำไนล์ (Thai)
  9. https://shop.scholastic.co.uk/products/74464
  10. https://booktabmarket.com/کلئوپاترا-دختر-نیل-دفتر-خاطرات-شاهزاده-مصر (Persian)
  11. https://www.fadakbook.ir/product/10799/کلئوپاترا-دختر-نیل-اثر-کریستینا-گرگوری-ترجمه-سحرهدایتی-فر (Persian)
  12. https://www.amazon.fr/Cléopâtre-fille-Nil-princesse-égyptienne/dp/2070587061/ (French)
  13. https://book.douban.com/subject/27047692/ (Chinese)
  14. https://www.gallimard-jeunesse.fr/9782075109321/cleopatre-fille-du-nil.html (French)
  15. https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B00IZCODEY/
  16. https://www.amazon.com/Stage-Cleopatra-Daughter-Enterprise-Audiobook/dp/0439732484
  17. http://teacher.scholastic.com/read180/about/audio_highs.htm (archive)
  18. https://www.amazon.com/Anastasia-Grand-Duchess-Royal-Diaries/dp/1400102448
  19. http://www.tantor.com/BookDetail.asp?Product=0243_Cleopatra (archive)

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