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The following article contains the fictional portrayal of one or more historical figures. Details in this article may differ from real world facts. For more information on the historical figure(s), consult the links provided within or at the bottom of the article.

Mary featured on the cover

All of the characters that appear in Mary, Queen of Scots: Queen Without a Country by Kathryn Lasky.

Main characters[]

Mary, Queen of Scots[]

Main article: Mary, Queen of Scots

Mary, Queen of Scots (French: Marie;[1] December 8, 1542 – February 8, 1587),[2][3] also known as Mary Stuart, was the Queen of Scotland. She was the only child of King James V and Mary de Guise. Her father died when she was only six days old. Lord Arran was appointed her regent until 1554. Mary's mother was then appointed her new regent. At the age of five, Mary was sent to live at the French court with her betrothed, Francis, whom was the future King of France. In France, Mary missed her mother and her homeland. Nevertheless, she was surrounded by friends, including her ladies-in-waiting, the Four Marys, whom accompanied her from Scotland.

Supporting characters[]

Catherine de Medici[]

Catherine de Medici was the Queen of France and wife of King Henry II. She was originally from Italy, where her early life was tumultuous. She became an orphan before she was a month old and was caught up in political turmoil at age eight. By 1553, Catherine had six children with Henry, including Francis, Elizabeth, Claude, Charles, Henry, and Marguerite. She was always happiest while pregnant. Catherine was jealous of Henry's mistress, Diane de Poitiers, but respected her opinions regarding the children and court. She also had a rivalry with Mary, Queen of Scots and used Lorenzo Marcellini to spy on her.

Diane de Poitiers[]

Diane de Poitiers was the mistress of King Henry II. Though Catherine de Medici was jealous of her, Diane always treated her cordially. The two did have an understanding about Henry and the children since Diane only wanted the best for them. She usually stayed at her residence in Château d'Anet, where the royal children loved to visit her. Diane was the first person to greet Mary, Queen of Scots when she came to live in France. She subsequently became a mother figure to Mary. Diane often traveled with Mary and was there for her in times of need, such as when Mary Beaton was nearly killed.


Francis de Valois II (French: Francois;[4] 1544 – December 5, 1560)[3] was the eldest child of Henry II and Catherine de Medici. He was the Dauphin of France, the heir apparent to the King. As a very young child, he was engaged to Mary, Queen of Scots. They became instant friends when Mary came to live in France. Mary described him as "agreeable and of such a kind nature." Their favorite activity to do together was hawking. Francis was very sickly, having an almost constant runny nose. In June 1554, he threw up during the banquet for the Scottish delegation. On April 24, 1558, he and Mary were wed. Francis became King of France when his father died, but died in 1560.

Henry II[]

Henry II was the King of France and husband of Catherine de Medici. By 1554, he had six children with his wife, including Francis, Elizabeth, Claude, Charles, Henry, Marguerite. Henry had a mistress, Diane de Poitiers, whom he loved deeply. He was aware of his wife's jealousy towards Diane, leading him to try to pay special attention to Catherine in public. He was also fond of Mary, whom he called "our dear little Scottish queen." After the incident with Signore Marcellini and Mary Fleming, Henry was greatly concerned for her. In 1558, his son Francis married Mary. After the death of Mary I of England, Henry proclaimed his daughter-in-law Queen of England, opposing Elizabeth I.

Four Marys[]

The Four Marys was the collective nickname for Mary Beaton, Mary Fleming, Mary Seton, and Mary Livingston. They were the ladies-in-waiting to Mary and had traveled from Scotland with her as children. Beaton was described as "a strong, strapping girl," who almost died saving Puff from drowning. Fleming was "timid," and later received unwanted attentions from Signore Marcellini. Seton was the most "honest and direct" of the Marys, while Livingston was the most cheerful and particularly skilled at making up rhymes. The girls all enjoyed indulging in their Scottish heritage with Mary. They were also extremely loyal to her and each other.

Minor characters[]

  • Anne d'Este was the wife of Francis de Guise. She gave birth to Charles in March 1554.
  • Antoinette de Bourbon ("Grandmama;" 1493 – 1582)[3] was Mary, Queen of Scot's grandmother and Mary de Guise's mother. Mary periodically visited her grandmother. In October 1554, she suffered from a stroke. Her relatives were worried about her passing away, but she recovered.
  • Lord Arran, also the Duke of Châtellerault, was the regent for Mary, Queen of Scots until 1554. He was found guilty of stealing from Scotland's treasury and removed from his position. His punishment was to pay restitution for what he stole, though his friends would later entreat Mary, Queen of Scots to reduce the fee.
  • Balthazar was a ballet master. Catherine de Medici hired him to teach some of the royal children, including Mary.
  • Monsieur Boulon was a music teacher. After being ill for a long time, he was replaced by Lorenzo Marcellini.
  • Doctor Bourgoing was Mary's personal physician. He was described as "very young and nice."
  • Charles, the Cardinal of Lorraine and Mary's uncle. He was the brother of Francis and Mary de Guise. Charles always asked after her education, particularly her progress in Latin.
  • Charles (born March 1554)[5] was the son of Francis and Anne d'Este.
  • Charles and Henry, two Princes of France. They were the younger brothers of Francis. Henry in particular was spoiled by his mother.
  • Claude, Elizabeth (born c. 1545),[6] and Marguerite (born c. May 1553),[7] three Princesses of France. They were the daughters of Catherine de Medici and Henry II.
  • Clouet, a French painter. He painted portraits of many members of the French royal family. In April 1554, he was commissioned to paint a portrait of Mary, Queen of Scots.
  • Cosmo Ruggieri was an Italian perfumer and alchemist for Queen Catherine. He was skilled in chemistry, which led to rumors that he made poison for the Queen.
  • Doctor de la Romaniére was the King's personal physician. When he treated Mary, he used leeches to bleed her.
  • Madame de Parois was Mary's ill-tempered governess. She disliked Mary's ladies-in-waiting and called them "savages." After developing dropsy, she went to Paris to recover.
  • Monsieur d'un Humanieres, a French gentleman whom danced with Mary at a few parties.
  • Edward VI, Elizabeth I, and Mary I, the English cousins of Mary, Queen of Scots. She was betrothed to Edward at one point. After Edward died in 1553, Mary I became Queen of England and had Elizabeth imprisoned Elizabeth. In 1558, Elizabeth ascended the throne after Mary I's death.
  • Eleanor of Aquitaine and Henry II, two historical figures whose tombs Mary visited. Mary described Eleanor as being a "heroine" for her and Diane.
  • Lord Erskine, an adviser and "dear guardian" to Mary, Queen of Scots.
  • Francis de Guise was Mary's uncle, and the husband of Anne d'Este. He always asked Mary to see her letters from her mother, Mary de Guise, which led to her sending decoy letters. Francis was nicknamed Le Balafré ("the Scarred One") after receiving a wound in the Siege of Boulogne.
  • George Buchanan was a Latin teacher. Mary disliked him since his breath "stunk of ale."
  • Monsieur Jallet, a maître de hôtel that was in charge of ordering essentials for Mary's household.
  • James V (1512 – 1542)[3] was Mary's father, whom died when she was a few days old.
  • Janet Sinclair was Mary's "darling" nurse, who was also from Scotland. She spoke a different form of Gaelic, which Mary was not completely able to understand. Janet was married to John Kemp.
  • John Kemp was the husband of Janet Sinclair and a member of Mary, Queen of Scots' household.
  • Lorenzo Marcellini, a music teacher. Mary, Queen of Scots respected his music ability, but still greatly disliked him. He harassed Mary Fleming by attempting to kiss and touch her. Queen Catherine also used him to spy on Mary. He was dismissed from court after his harassment of Mary Fleming and him being a spy came to light.
  • Father Mamerot was Mary's confessor. He disliked Queen Catherine's "reliance on sorcerers and seers," though Mamerot still encouraged Mary to be kind to the Queen.
  • Marcel was Minette's suitor. Mary Beaton and Mary Livingston believed they had kissed.
  • Mary de Guise ("Mother;" 1515 – June 11, 1560),[3] also Marie de Guise, was the mother of Mary, Queen of Scots. She had last seen Mary in 1551, when she came to France for a visit. In 1554, she became Mary's regent, replacing Lord Arran.
  • Michel Nostradamus was a Jewish astrologer, physician, and seer appointed by Queen Catherine. He did not was his wife and child to live at court and instead opted to visit them for long periods of time. His predictions often caused stirs at court.
  • Minette was Mary's chambermaid. She lent Mary her clothes as a disguise to meet Nostradamus.
  • Pierre de Ronsard, a French poet and Mary's favorite tutor.
  • Puff was Mary's lapdog given to her by her aunt, Anne d'Este. She gave birth to two puppies, but only Thimble survived. Mary Beaton almost died saving Puff. Afterwards, Puff became closer to Mary Beaton as Mary's feelings about her had changed.
  • René the Florentine was an Italian perfumer who worked for Queen Catherine. He created a perfume that smelled of harebells from Scotland for Mary.
  • Robin MacClean was the head of Mary's Scots guard. He often watched over Mary without her even realizing it. Robin was also adept at hawking and played the bagpipes well.
  • Ruffles was the pet falcon of Mary. She named him after her usher, Master Rufflets.
  • Master Rufflets was Mary's usher. He was described as "quite ancient," but "kind and good."
  • Thimble was Mary's puppy and the offspring of Puff.
  • Violette was a chambermaid shared by Mary Seton and Mary Livingston.

Epilogue characters[]

Note: the following individuals are actually mentioned in the Family Tree, not the Epilogue.


See also[]

My Story characters
Main characters

Nebka | Hatshepsut "Asha" | Claudia | Bran | Tor Scaldbane | Jenkin Lloyd | Eva De Puebla
Elinor Valjean | Lady Jane Grey | Matilda "Tilly" Middleton | Catherine "Kitty" Lumsden | Thomas Hobbs
Remember "Mem" Whipple | Thomas Adamson | Alice Paynton | Susannah Makepeace | Ignatius Sancho
Euphemia Grant | Mary Wade | Elizabeth "Lizzie" Harvey | Isabelle | James Grant | Mary Prince | Bob Jenkins
Dick Maybury | Eliza Helsted | Phyllis McCormack | Lily Hicks | Michael Pope | Hanuman Singh | Clotee Henley
Will Reed | Edith Lorrimer | Jabulani | Sophia Duleep Singh | Florence Finch | Flora Bonnington | Dollie Baxter
Margaret Anne Brady | Jack Fairfax | Daphne "Daffy" Rowntree | Billy Stevens | Noor Inayat Khan
Eleanor Rhys Davies | Rebecca "Becky" Mortkowicz | Harry Woods | Princess Margaret | Sophie Ridel
Peter Rogers | Kitty Langley | Edith "Edie" Benson | Tim Jackson | Andrew "Andy" Pope | Paul Lelaud
Violet Debuchy

Supporting characters

Henry VII | Henry VIII | Catherine of Aragon | Anne Boleyn | Jane Seymour | Anne of Cleves
Catherine Howard | Catherine Parr | Edward VI | Mary I | Elizabeth II

Lists of characters by book

Pyramid of Secrets | Princess of Egypt | Pompeii | Roman Invasion | Viking Blood | Agincourt | My Tudor Queen
Anne Boleyn and Me | Lady Jane Grey | Bloody Tower | The Queen's Spies | Armada | Mayflower | Civil War
The Great Plague | Highway Girl | Ignatius Sancho | The '45 Rising | No Way Back | Transported
The Fall of the Blade | Trafalgar | Mary Prince | Waterloo | Dodger! | Mill Girl | The Hunger | The Crystal Palace
Crimea | Indian Mutiny | Slave Girl | The Sweep's Boy | Victorian Workhouse | Zulu War | Princess Sophia Duleep Singh
Factory Girl | Twentieth-Century Girl | Suffragette | Titanic | The Trenches | Flying Ace | Road to War
Noor-un-Nissa Inayat Khan | Berlin Olympics | Nowhere to Run | The Storm to Come | Battle of Britain
Wartime Princess | Sophie's Secret War | U-Boat Hunter | War Nurse | Blitz | Desert Danger | D-Day
Spy Smuggler | Codename Céline | London Stories

My Royal Story characters

Cleopatra VII | Beatrice Townhill | Elizabeth I | Mary, Queen of Scots | Marie Antoinette | Victoria | Anastasia

Lists of My Royal Story characters by book

Cleopatra | Henry VIII's Wives | Elizabeth | Mary, Queen of Scots | Marie Antoinette | Victoria | Anastasia

My True Story characters

Dora Thewlis | John "Jack" Cornwell | Joe Read | Susan | Vera

Lists of My True Story characters by book

Give Us the Vote! | Standing Alone | Hero at Dunkirk | What If They Find Us?

Further reading[]